Robust End-to-End Focal Liver Lesion Detection using Unregistered Multiphase Computed Tomography Images. (arXiv:2112.01535v1 [eess.IV])

The computer-aided diagnosis of focal liver lesions (FLLs) can help improve
workflow and enable correct diagnoses; FLL detection is the first step in such
a computer-aided diagnosis. Despite the recent success of deep-learning-based
approaches in detecting FLLs, current methods are not sufficiently robust for
assessing misaligned multiphase data. By introducing an attention-guided
multiphase alignment in feature space, this study presents a fully automated,
end-to-end learning framework for detecting FLLs from multiphase computed
tomography (CT) images. Our method is robust to misaligned multiphase images
owing to its complete learning-based approach, which reduces the sensitivity of
the model’s performance to the quality of registration and enables a standalone
deployment of the model in clinical practice. Evaluation on a large-scale
dataset with 280 patients confirmed that our method outperformed previous
state-of-the-art methods and significantly reduced the performance degradation
for detecting FLLs using misaligned multiphase CT images. The robustness of the
proposed method can enhance the clinical adoption of the deep-learning-based
computer-aided detection system.



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