Non-deep Networks. (arXiv:2110.07641v1 [cs.CV])

Depth is the hallmark of deep neural networks. But more depth means more
sequential computation and higher latency. This begs the question — is it
possible to build high-performing “non-deep” neural networks? We show that it
is. To do so, we use parallel subnetworks instead of stacking one layer after
another. This helps effectively reduce depth while maintaining high
performance. By utilizing parallel substructures, we show, for the first time,
that a network with a depth of just 12 can achieve top-1 accuracy over 80% on
ImageNet, 96% on CIFAR10, and 81% on CIFAR100. We also show that a network with
a low-depth (12) backbone can achieve an AP of 48% on MS-COCO. We analyze the
scaling rules for our design and show how to increase performance without
changing the network’s depth. Finally, we provide a proof of concept for how
non-deep networks could be used to build low-latency recognition systems. Code
is available at



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