Deep Reinforcement Learning in mmW-NOMA: Joint Power Allocation and Hybrid Beamforming. (arXiv:2205.06814v1 [cs.IT])

High demand of data rate in the next generation of wireless communication
could be ensured by Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) approach in the
millimetre-wave (mmW) frequency band. Decreasing the interference on the other
users while maintaining the bit rate via joint power allocation and beamforming
is mandatory to guarantee the high demand of bit-rate. Furthermore, mmW
frequency bands dictates the hybrid structure for beamforming because of the
trade-off in implementation and performance, simultaneously. In this paper,
joint power allocation and hybrid beamforming of mmW-NOMA systems is brought up
via recent advances in machine learning and control theory approaches called
Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL). Actor-critic phenomena is exploited to
measure the immediate reward and providing the new action to maximize the
overall Q-value of the network. Additionally, to improve the stability of the
approach, we have utilized Soft Actor-Critic (SAC) approach where overall
reward and action entropy is maximized, simultaneously. The immediate reward
has been defined based on the soft weighted summation of the rate of all the
users. The soft weighting is based on the achieved rate and allocated power of
each user. Furthermore, the channel responses between the users and base
station (BS) is defined as the state of environment, while action space is
involved of the digital and analog beamforming weights and allocated power to
each user. The simulation results represent the superiority of the proposed
approach rather than the Time-Division Multiple Access (TDMA) and Non-Line of
Sight (NLOS)-NOMA in terms of sum-rate of the users. It’s outperformance is
caused by the joint optimization and independency of the proposed approach to
the channel responses.

Source: https://arxiv.org/abs/2205.06814

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