Dealing with Drift of Adaptation Spaces in Learning-based Self-Adaptive Systems using Lifelong Self-Adaptation. (arXiv:2211.02658v1 [cs.LG])

Recently, machine learning (ML) has become a popular approach to support
self-adaptation. ML has been used to deal with several problems in
self-adaptation, such as maintaining an up-to-date runtime model under
uncertainty and scalable decision-making. Yet, exploiting ML comes with
inherent challenges. In this paper, we focus on a particularly important
challenge for learning-based self-adaptive systems: drift in adaptation spaces.
With adaptation space we refer to the set of adaptation options a self-adaptive
system can select from at a given time to adapt based on the estimated quality
properties of the adaptation options. Drift of adaptation spaces originates
from uncertainties, affecting the quality properties of the adaptation options.
Such drift may imply that eventually no adaptation option can satisfy the
initial set of the adaptation goals, deteriorating the quality of the system,
or adaptation options may emerge that allow enhancing the adaptation goals. In
ML, such shift corresponds to novel class appearance, a type of concept drift
in target data that common ML techniques have problems dealing with. To tackle
this problem, we present a novel approach to self-adaptation that enhances
learning-based self-adaptive systems with a lifelong ML layer. We refer to this
approach as lifelong self-adaptation. The lifelong ML layer tracks the system
and its environment, associates this knowledge with the current tasks,
identifies new tasks based on differences, and updates the learning models of
the self-adaptive system accordingly. A human stakeholder may be involved to
support the learning process and adjust the learning and goal models. We
present a reusable architecture for lifelong self-adaptation and apply it to
the case of drift of adaptation spaces that affects the decision-making in
self-adaptation. We validate the approach for a series of scenarios using the
DeltaIoT exemplar.



Related post