Contrastive Brain Network Learning via Hierarchical Signed Graph Pooling Model. (arXiv:2207.07650v1 [cs.LG])

Recently brain networks have been widely adopted to study brain dynamics,
brain development and brain diseases. Graph representation learning techniques
on brain functional networks can facilitate the discovery of novel biomarkers
for clinical phenotypes and neurodegenerative diseases. However, current graph
learning techniques have several issues on brain network mining. Firstly, most
current graph learning models are designed for unsigned graph, which hinders
the analysis of many signed network data (e.g., brain functional networks).
Meanwhile, the insufficiency of brain network data limits the model performance
on clinical phenotypes predictions. Moreover, few of current graph learning
model is interpretable, which may not be capable to provide biological insights
for model outcomes. Here, we propose an interpretable hierarchical signed graph
representation learning model to extract graph-level representations from brain
functional networks, which can be used for different prediction tasks. In order
to further improve the model performance, we also propose a new strategy to
augment functional brain network data for contrastive learning. We evaluate
this framework on different classification and regression tasks using the data
from HCP and OASIS. Our results from extensive experiments demonstrate the
superiority of the proposed model compared to several state-of-the-art
techniques. Additionally, we use graph saliency maps, derived from these
prediction tasks, to demonstrate detection and interpretation of phenotypic



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