Automated Diagnosis of Intestinal Parasites: A new hybrid approach and its benefits. (arXiv:2101.06310v1 [cs.CV])

Intestinal parasites are responsible for several diseases in human beings. In
order to eliminate the error-prone visual analysis of optical microscopy
slides, we have investigated automated, fast, and low-cost systems for the
diagnosis of human intestinal parasites. In this work, we present a hybrid
approach that combines the opinion of two decision-making systems with
complementary properties: ($DS_1$) a simpler system based on very fast
handcrafted image feature extraction and support vector machine classification
and ($DS_2$) a more complex system based on a deep neural network, Vgg-16, for
image feature extraction and classification. $DS_1$ is much faster than $DS_2$,
but it is less accurate than $DS_2$. Fortunately, the errors of $DS_1$ are not
the same of $DS_2$. During training, we use a validation set to learn the
probabilities of misclassification by $DS_1$ on each class based on its
confidence values. When $DS_1$ quickly classifies all images from a microscopy
slide, the method selects a number of images with higher chances of
misclassification for characterization and reclassification by $DS_2$. Our
hybrid system can improve the overall effectiveness without compromising
efficiency, being suitable for the clinical routine — a strategy that might be
suitable for other real applications. As demonstrated on large datasets, the
proposed system can achieve, on average, 94.9%, 87.8%, and 92.5% of Cohen’s
Kappa on helminth eggs, helminth larvae, and protozoa cysts, respectively.



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